In the context of their time, thirteen million people lived on the eastern seaboard from Maine to Florida in small communities joined by dirt paths and roads, slow boats between ports, and poor communications capabilities. Using an information systems analogy, decision-making was highly distributed to local, isolated decision centers. In order to meet the needs of the new society that was being formed, a structure needed to be made that bound the disparate colonies into a framework of rules for commerce and mutual defense, and to pay for those actions.
The intellectual elite (leaders) of that era decided to centralize some of their functions that the individual states performed, upscaling to provide coherent organized policies. The Rule Set of the Constitution reflects reactions to their time: local, isolated decision centers formed around colonial business charters, and the (till then) massive focusing of decision making power into the hands of a hereditary Crown (the King). They wanted protection – defense and control of the decision-making system.
If the Makers had had the issues of our day – huge population compared to theirs and near-instantaneous communications – would their solution be the same for “a more perfect union”?
Or, should the question be: How do we engineer The Rule Set to reflect the conditions of our day, while remaining true to the Principles of The Preamble?”